Many teams develop their own SOPs; however with team membership turnover, sometimes SOPs get lost in the mix and are seldom recorded somewhere (if at all) that everyone can access. There are countless A-thru-Z detailed CQB how-to's from Mil/Gov sources and the civilian tactical community alike. I've received instruction from a few different courses and agencies; I'd rather go with the most widely available, simplest to reference document, and this one works for me.
For reviewing, I've hosted a PDF excerpt from FM 3-19.4, the Military Police Leader's Handbook:
https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B-j_TGX ... jg/preview
For the full FM, and downloading/printing:
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pu ... 3_19x4.pdf
(full PDF pgs 171-207, pub pgs 4-52 - 4-88)
NOTES ON ROOM CLEARING
- This isn't a refined science. Every example shown is just a baseline. Go ahead, master these skills but once you run into a room and stumble over some desks & chairs, you'll feel like you're back at square one. And that's ok. Adapt & overcome.
- Where the #1 guy is concerned: Always take the path of least resistance. Your eyes are the first in, you'll likely be the first gun in place covering the room. The faster and sooner, the better. (that's NOT what she said)
- The guy in front of you is never wrong. Maybe you're the #2 or #3 guy, and already know the dimensions of the room you're clearing and therefore exactly where you'll end up. BUT…the guy ahead of you went the wrong way; because maybe the guy ahead of him went the wrong way. Whaddya do?! Go the opposite way of the guy in front of you. It keeps your team's coverage of the room as dominant as possible.
- What precautions should a SAW gunner take? 1) There may be game/event ruling specifically governing SAWs within structures. 2) If the building interior is very cluttered, you may want to be the #4 man instead of weaving through tons of crap with your SAW. No offense, but the guy with the M4/AK-47/SMG will get there faster and smoother, and respond to a threat quicker.
- Standardized communication/prowords. “I’m up.” is generally regarded as being good to go. Of course, so does “Good to go.” But then there are phrases like “I’m down.” On some teams, that means you’re out of the fight, such as weapon malfunction; and of course there’s the “I’m down” that means you’re hit/wounded/asthma attack/stubbed toe. On a mag change, do you call out “Reloading”, or “#2, Down”? The main concern in most cases is what the enemy in the next room/building is hearing your team hollering. Maybe that matters to you, maybe not.
- My personal preference for a fire team: once entry is made and he's not needed, #4 guy should about-face and cover back out the doorway. Whether you've breached a one-room structure, or exited a hallway into a room in a multi-room/multi-floor structure, I say CoverYourAss. This is another good reason for keeping the SAW as #4.
- My personal preference for clearing a multi-room w/ squad: whether it's a squad of 15 or small as 7 or 8, keep some guys in the central hallway, or at entrances to the floor/building if possible. Seal off the objective while you make it your bitch
-Worth quoting verbatim >>
(FM 3-19.4, pg 4-62) wrote:The muzzle of the clearing team's weapons should always be pointing wherever that soldier is looking.